CLASS-XII COMPUTER SCIENCE (PYTHON)
# AS PER CBSE SYLLABUS

Unit 1: Programming and Computational Thinking

  • Revision of Class XI (Python Programming)
  • Tokens in Python
  • Barebones of Python Programs
  • Data Types (Mutable and Immutable)
  • Expression evaluation (Arithmetical, Logical, Relational, etc.)
  • Conditional statement (if, if-else, if-elif, nested if)
  • Looping Statement (for, while)
  • Jump Statement (break, continue)
  • Nested Loops and Loop Else statement
  • Strings (Traversing, String Operators, String Slices, String Functions)
  • Lists (Lists vs. Strings, List manipulation, List Functions)
  • Tuples (Tuples vs. Lists, Tuple Operations, Tuple Functions and Methods)
  • Dictionaries (Accessing elements in Dictionary, Characteristics of Dictionary)
  • Sorting Techniques (Bubble, Insertion)
  • Functions
  • Defining Functions
  • Passing Parameters
  • Returning values from Functions
  • Scope of variables
  • Python Libraries
  • Library
  • Importing Modules in a Python Program
  • Using standard Library functions and modules
  • Creating user defined Library, packages
  • Importing Libraries
  • File handling
  • Data Files
  • Opening and Closing of Files
  • Reading and writing from/onto files
  • Standard Input, Output, Error Streams
  • Recursion
  • Recursion function
  • Binary Search
  • Recursive Binary Search
  • Recursion vs Iteration
  • Algorithmic Efficiency
  • Computational Complexity
  • Estimating Complexity of Algorithms (Big-O Notation)
  • Best, Average and Worst Case Complexity
  • Data Visualization using Pyplot
  • Data Visualization
  • Use of Pyplot of Matplotlib Library
  • Creating Charts with Matplotlib Library’s pyplot Interface (Line, Bar, Pie)
  • Customizing the Plot (Adding a Title, Setting X and Y label, Limits, Ticks, Adding Legends)
  • Comparing chart types
  • Data Structures
  • Linear Lists
  • Searching, Insertion, Deletion of an element
  • Sorting a Linear List
  • Nested (2-D) List
  • Stacks
  • Implementing Stack in Python
  • Stack Applications
  • Queues
  • Implementing Queue in Python
  • Variations in Queues
  • Queue Applications

Unit 2: Computer Networks (CN)

  • Computer Networks
  • Types of Networks
  • Types based on Geographical Spread, Component Roles, Communication Channel
  • Network Devices
  • NIC, WiFi Card, Hub, Switch, Bridge, Router, Gateway, Access Point
  • The Cloud
  • Types of Cloud
  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • Enabling Technologies for IoT
  • Devices that can form IoT
  • Challenges and Risks
  • Modulation Techniques
    • AM, FM, etc.
  • Collision in Wireless Networks (CSMA/CA)
  • TCP/IP (Network Congestion and Retransmission in TCP)
  • Address on Network (DNS)
  • Basic Network Tools
  • Ping
  • Traceroute, Tracert
  • Nslookup
  • Ipconfig
  • Whois
  • Speed Test
  • Working of e-mail
  • Secure Connections (HTTPS, SSL)
  • Network Applications

Unit 3: Data Management

  • MySQL and SQL
  • Accessing database in MySQL
  • Creating Tables and Inserting data into Tables
  • Creating Tables with SQL Constraints
  • Select Command
  • Retrieving Specific Rows  using Where (Applying Conditions)
  • Condition Based on Pattern Match
  • Ordering Records in Result
  • Types of SQL Functions, Aggregate Functions
  • Grouping Result (Group By), Nested Groups
  • Having Clause (Placing Condition on Groups)
  • Modifying  Data in a Table, Deleting Data from a Table, Dropping a Table
  • SQL Joins
  • Index in Database
  • Creating Django based Web Application
  • Web Framework
  • Installing Django in Virtual Environment
  • Activating virtual Environment
  • Creating Models, Views and Templates
  • Writing Dictionary Data to CSV and Text Files
  • Get and Post Request
  • Interface Python with MySQL
  • Connecting to MySQL from Python
  • Parameterized Queries
  • Performing Insert and Update Queries

Unit 4: Society, Law and Ethics

  • Ethical Issues
  • Intellectual Property Rights
  • Plagiarism
  • Digital Property Rights
  • Open Source Philosophy and Software Licenses
  • Philosophy of Open Source
  • Licenses and Domains of Open Source Technology
  • Privacy, Online Fraud, Cyber Crime, Computer Forensics
  • Cyber Law and IT Act
  • Technology and Society
  • E-waste Management
  • E-waste Disposal Process
  • Benefits of e-waste Recycling
  • Identity Theft
  • Gender and Disability Issues while Teaching and Using Computers

 

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